Japan is a country where public transportation is relatively developed. Especially in the metropolitan areas, where railway system and bus routes stretches throughout the city. Commuting in the city is convenient but transferring lines can be confusing sometimes.




The most common mode of transportation in Japan is the railway. It comes in many different types, namely, bullet trains (Shinkansen), Japan railways (JR), privately owned railways, subways and trams. Japan railways follow a highly accurate timetable and with rarely any delay. The railway system is highly convenient and trusted as a mode of transportation. In the event where there is a delay, one is eligible to obtain a “delay certificate” from the station.

Shinkansen… The Shinkansen is an ultra-high-speed long distance transportation built with the purpose of connecting major cities together, it only takes 2 hours and 30 minutes to get to Osaka from Tokyo. The maximum speed of Shinkansen is 315km/hr. As the Shinkansen mostly stops at major stations, alighting from the stations usually lead to the heart of the city, an advantage worth taking note of. As compared to airplanes, there is no need to change to other mode of transportation. If you were to travel long distance, why not give Shinkansen a try?


JR… JR stands for Japan Railways. It was once a property of the country, but it has been since privatized into a few companies. Despite running as a separate entity, the tracks are all connected throughout Japan. Thanks to the highly connected tracks, many people commute using the JR.


Private railway… Private railway is different from JR. The difference is that the tracks and routes are only specifically connected locally to a region. Private railways are relatively cheaper than JR and the distance between each station is shorter, proving access to a more local area that is not accessible by JR. These are the main reasons for commuters to use this mode of transportation. Private railways in Tokyo have good relation with each other, thus allowing the tracks to be shared, a place which is supposed farther becomes closer due to the sharing of tracks. On the contrary, private railways in Osaka are not on good terms, as a result, tracks are not shared, this cause the commuters to transfer lines in order to get to their destination.


Subway… Most of the subways are managed privately. The stations and tracks are interlinked within the city, thus going to downtown is convenient.


Tram…Along with the subway, the tram is widely used by commuters. The tram runs along the road with other motor vehicles with a cable attached. Crossroad and signals used to regulate trams are a little complicated at times, please do pay attention to it.



Bus is also a commonly used mode of transportation along with railways. The types of bus are primarily divided into two types, namely, bus (route) and high-speed bus.


Bus (route) … Le bus (route) a plus d’arrêts que les chemins de fer et est généralement plus proche à la destination des navetteurs. Il permet aussi aux banlieusards d’accéder à l’aise. Aux endroits qui ne sont pas facilement accessibles par les chemins de fer. On calcule aussi l’emploi du temps relativement au haut volume de la circulation tel que l’heure de pointe pour réduire la congestion. Le bus est sans aucun doute un actif indispensable aux banlieusards.


High-speed bus… The high-speed bus is the cheapest mode of transport for long distance travel. Although it takes a longer time to reach the destination as compared to Shinkansen and airplanes, it is compensated with the lower cost. If you are cost conscious, please do give the high-speed bus a try.




A mode of transport for long distance travel. Although Japan is an island country, many commuters feel that it is faster to travel via the airplane. Despite most of the airports situated in an inaccessible location, airport such as Haneda airport is located near the city. The two major airlines in Japan are called ANA (All Nippon Airways) and JAL (Japan Airlines). There are also other low-cost carriers for you to choose from, with the price based on destination.




Being an island country, Japan is highly advanced in the maritime sector. Ranging from large ferry to high speed boat, commuters are able to choose their specific mode of transportation based on the distance and budget. The ships are an indispensable asset to dwellers who live on the small islands around Japan. Although there are big bridges which connect to the islands, in the case of strong wind, the bridges have to be sealed temporary for safety reasons. However, in the case of ships, strong winds are not an issue. Even if the bridges are blocked in the event of strong wind, traveling to the islands via ships is still viable.




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